奥黛丽赫本英文简介

关于奥黛丽赫本一生的简介(英文版)

AudreyHepburn(4May1929(1929-05-04)–20January1993)wasaBritishactressandhumanitarian.

BorninIxellesasAudreyKathleenRuston,HepburnspentherchildhoodchieflyintheNetherlands,includingGerman-occupiedArnhem,Netherlands,duringtheSecondWorldWar(1939-1945).ShestudiedballetinArnhemandthenmovedtoLondonin1948,whereshecontinuedtotraininballetandworkedasaphotographer'smodel.SheappearedinahandfulofEuropeanfilmsbeforestarringinthe1951BroadwayplayGigi.HepburnplayedtheleadfemaleroleinRomanHoliday(1953),winninganAcademyAward,aGoldenGlobeandaBAFTAforherperformance.ShealsowonaTonyAwardforherperformanceinOndine(1954).

HepburnbecameoneofthemostsuccessfulfilmactressesintheworldandperformedwithsuchnotableleadingmenasGregoryPeck,RexHarrison,HumphreyBogart,GaryCooper,CaryGrant,HenryFonda,WilliamHolden,FredAstaire,PeterO'Toole,andAlbertFinney.ShewonBAFTAAwardsforherperformancesinTheNun'sStory(1959)andCharade(1963),andreceivedAcademyAwardnominationsforSabrina(1954),TheNun'sStory(1959),BreakfastatTiffany's(1961)andWaitUntilDark(1967).

ShestarredasElizaDoolittleinthefilmversionofMyFairLady(1964),becomingonlythethirdactortoreceive$1,000,000forafilmrole.From1968to1975shetookabreakfromfilm-making,mostlytospendmoretimewithhertwosons.In1976shestarredwithSeanConneryinRobinandMarian.In1989shemadeherlastfilmappearanceinStevenSpielberg'sAlways.

Herwar-timeexperiencesinspiredherpassionforhumanitarianwork,andalthoughshehadworkedforUNICEFsincethe1950s,duringherlaterlife,shededicatedmuchofhertimeandenergytotheorganization.From1988until1992,sheworkedinsomeofthemostprofoundlydisadvantagedcommunitiesofAfrica,SouthAmericaandAsia.In1992,HepburnwasawardedthePresidentialMedalofFreedominrecognitionofherworkasaUNICEFGoodwillAmbassador.In1999,shewasrankedasthethirdgreatestfemalestarofalltimebytheAmericanFilmInstitute.

Earlycareer

In1945,afterthewar,HepburnlefttheArnhemConservatoryandmovedtoAmsterdam,whereshetookballetlessonswithSoniaGaskell.[17]HepburnappearedasastewardessinashorttourismfilmforKLM,[18]beforetravellingwithhermothertoLondon.GaskellprovidedanintroductiontoMarieRambert,andHepburnstudiedballetatthe"BalletRambert",supportingherselfwithparttimeworkasamodel.HepburneventuallyaskedRambertaboutherfuture.Rambertassuredherthatshecouldcontinuetoworkthereandhaveagreatcareer,butthefactshewasrelativelytall(1.7m/5.6ft)coupledwithherpoornutritionduringthewarwouldkeepherfrombecomingaprimaballerina.HepburntrustedRambert'sassessmentanddecidedtopursueacting,acareerinwhichsheatleasthadachancetoexcel.[19]AfterHepburnbecameastar,Rambertsaidinaninterview,"Shewasawonderfullearner.Ifshehadwantedtopersevere,shemighthavebecomeanoutstandingballerina."[20]

Hepburn'smotherwasinmenialjobsinordertosupportthemandHepburnneededtofindemployment.Sinceshetrainedtobeaperformerallherlife,actingseemedasensiblecareer.Shesaid,"Ineededthemoney;itpaid?3morethanballetjobs."[21]HeractingcareerbeganwiththeeducationalfilmDutchinSevenLessons(1948).SheplayedinmusicaltheatreinproductionssuchasHighButtonShoesandSaucePiquante.Hertheatreworkrevealedthathervoicewasnotstrongandneededtobedeveloped,andduringthistimeshetookelocutionlessonswiththeactorFelixAylmer.[22]ParttimemodellingworkwasnotalwaysavailableandHepburnregisteredwiththecastingofficersofBritain'sfilmstudiosinthehopeofgettingworkasanextra.

Hepburn'sfirstroleinamotionpicturewasintheBritishfilmOneWildOatinwhichsheplayedahotelreceptionist.SheplayedseveralmoreminorrolesinYoungWives'Tale,LaughterinParadise,TheLavenderHillMob,andMonteCarloBaby.

DuringthefilmingofMonteCarloBabyHepburnwaschosentoplaytheleadcharacterintheBroadwayplayGigi,whichopenedon24November,1951,attheFultonTheatreandranfor219performances.[23]ThewriterColette,whenshefirstsawHepburn,reportedlysaid"voilà!There'sourGigi!"[24]ShewonaTheatreWorldAwardforherperformance.[23]Hepburn'sfirstsignificantfilmperformancewasintheThoroldDickinsonfilmSecretPeople(1952),inwhichsheplayedaprodigiousballerina.Hepburndidallofherowndancingscenes.

FromHepburn'sRomanHolidayscreentestwhichwasalsousedinthepromotionaltrailerforthefilm.HerfirststarringrolewaswithGregoryPeckintheItalian-setRomanHoliday(1952).ProducersinitiallywantedElizabethTaylorfortherole,butdirectorWilliamWylerwassoimpressedbyHepburn'sscreentest(thecamerawasleftonandcandidfootageofHepburnrelaxingandansweringquestions,unawarethatshewasstillbeingfilmed,displayedhertalents),thathecastherinthelead.Wylersaid,"ShehadeverythingIwaslookingfor:charm,innocenceandtalent.Shealsowasveryfunny.Shewasabsolutelyenchanting,andwesaid,'That'sthegirl!'"[25]

ThemoviewastohavehadGregoryPeck'snameabovethetitleinlargefontwith"IntroducingAudreyHepburn"beneath.Afterfilminghadbeencompleted,Peckcalledhisagentand,predictingcorrectlythatHepburnwouldwintheAcademyAwardforBestActress,hadthebillingchangedsothathernamealsoappearedbeforethetitleintypeaslargeashis.[citationneeded]

HepburnandPeckbondedduringfilming,andtherewererumoursthattheywereromanticallyinvolved;bothdeniedit.Hepburn,however,added,"Actually,youhavetobealittlebitinlovewithyourleadingmanandviceversa.Ifyou'regoingtoportraylove,youhavetofeelit.Youcan'tdoitanyotherway.Butyoudon'tcarryitbeyondtheset."[26]BecauseoftheinstantcelebritythatcamewithRomanHoliday,Hepburn'sillustrationwasplacedonthe7September,1953,coverofTIME.[27]

Hepburn'sperformancereceivedmuchcriticalpraise.A.H.WeilernotedinTheNewYorkTimes,"Althoughsheisnotpreciselyanewcomertofilms,AudreyHepburn,theBritishactresswhoisbeingstarredforthefirsttimeasPrincessAnn,isaslender,elfin,andwistfulbeauty,alternatelyregalandchildlikeinherprofoundappreciationofnewly-found,simplepleasuresandlove.Althoughshebravelysmilesheracknowledgmentoftheendofthataffair,sheremainsapitifullylonelyfigurefacingastuffyfuture."[28]HepburnwouldlatercallRomanHolidayherdearestmovie,becauseitwastheonethatmadeherastar.

AfterfilmingRomanHolidayforfourmonths,HepburnreturnedtoNewYorkandperformedinGigiforeightmonths.TheplaywasperformedinLosAngelesandSanFranciscoinitslastmonth.

Shewassignedtoaseven-picturecontractwithParamountwithtwelvemonthsinbetweenfilmstoallowhertimeforstagework.[29]

[edit]Hollywoodstardom

HepburninWarandPeace(1956)AfterRomanHoliday,shefilmedBillyWilder'sSabrinawithHumphreyBogartandWilliamHolden.HepburnwassenttoathenyoungandupcomingfashiondesignerHubertdeGivenchytodecideonherwardrobe.

Whentoldthat"MissHepburn"wascomingtoseehim,GivenchyexpectedtoseeKatharine.Hewasdisappointedandtoldherthathedidn'thavemuchtimeforher,butHepburnaskedforjustafewminutestopickoutafewpiecesforSabrina.[citationneeded]Shortlyafter,GivenchyandHepburndevelopedalastingfriendship,andshewasoftenamuseformanyofhisdesigns.Theyformedalifelongfriendshipandpartnership.

DuringthefilmingofSabrina,Hepburnandthealready-marriedHoldenbecameromanticallyinvolvedandshehopedtomarryhimandhavechildren.ShebrokeofftherelationshipwhenHoldenrevealedthathehadundergoneavasectomy.[30][31]

In1954,HepburnreturnedtothestagetoplaythewaterspriteinOndineinaperformancewithMelFerrer,whoshewouldmarrylaterintheyear.Duringtherunoftheplay,HepburnwasawardedtheGoldenGlobeforBestMotionPictureActressandtheAcademyAward,bothforRomanHoliday.SixweeksafterreceivingtheOscar,HepburnwasawardedtheTonyAwardforBestActressforOndine.AudreyHepburnisoneofonlythreeactressestoreceiveaBestActressOscarandBestActressTonyinthesameyear(theotherswereShirleyBoothandEllenBurstyn).[2]

Bythemid-1950s,HepburnwasnotonlyoneofthebiggestmotionpicturestarsinHollywood,butalsoamajorfashioninfluence.Hergamineandelfinappearanceandwidelyrecognizedsenseofchicwerebothadmiredandimitated.In1955,shewasawardedtheGoldenGlobeforWorldFilmFavorite-Female.[32]

HavingbecomeoneofHollywood'smostpopularbox-officeattractions,Hepburnco-starredwithactorssuchasHumphreyBogartinSabrina,HenryFondainWarandPeace,FredAstaireinFunnyFace,WilliamHoldeninParisWhenItSizzles,MauriceChevalierandGaryCooperinLoveintheAfternoon,AnthonyPerkinsinGreenMansions,BurtLancasterandLillianGishinTheUnforgiven,ShirleyMacLaineandJamesGarnerinTheChildren'sHour,GeorgePeppardinBreakfastatTiffany's,CaryGrantinCharade,RexHarrisoninMyFairLady,PeterO'TooleinHowtoStealaMillionandSeanConneryinRobinandMarian.

fromBreakfastatTiffany's(1961)RexHarrisoncalledAudreyHepburnhisfavouriteleadinglady,althoughheinitiallyfeltshewasbadlymiscastasElizaDolittleinMyFairLady(manyaccounts[specify]indicatethatshebecamegreatfriendswithBritishactressanddancerKayKendall,whowasHarrison'swife);CaryGrantlovedtohumourherandoncesaid,"AllIwantforChristmasisanotherpicturewithAudreyHepburn;"[33]andGregoryPeckbecamealifelongfriend.

Afterherdeath,Peckwentoncameraandtearfullyrecitedherfavouritepoem,"UnendingLove"byRabindranathTagore.[34]

AcommonperceptionofthetimewasthatBogartandHepburndidnotgetalong.However,Hepburnhasbeenquotedassaying,"Sometimesit'stheso-called'toughguys'thatarethemosttenderhearted,asBogeywaswithme."[35]

FunnyFacein1957wasoneofHepburn'sfavouritesbecauseshegottodancewithFredAstaire.[citationneeded]Thenin1959'sTheNun'sStorycameoneofhermostdaringroles.FilmsinReviewstated:"Herperformancewillforeversilencethosewhohavethoughtherlessanactressthanasymbolofthesophisticatedchild/woman.HerportrayalofSisterLukeisoneofthegreatperformancesofthescreen.".[36]

OttoFrankevenaskedhertoplayhisdaughterAnne'sonscreencounterpartinthe1959filmTheDiaryofAnneFrank,[citationneeded]butHepburn,whowasbornthesameyearasAnnewasalmost30yearsold,andfelttoooldtoplayateenager.TherolewaseventuallygiventoMilliePerkins.

Hepburn'sHollyGolightlyin1961'sBreakfastatTiffany'sbecameaniconiccharacterinAmericancinema.Shecalledtherole"thejazziestofmycareer".[37]Askedabouttheactingchallengeoftherole,shereplied,"I'manintrovert.PlayingtheextrovertedgirlwasthehardestthingIeverdid."[38]Inthefilm,sheworetrendyclothingdesignedbyherselfandGivenchy,andaddedblondestreakstoherbrownhair,alookthatshewouldkeepoff-screenaswell.

HepburninascenefromthecomicthrillerCharade(1963).In1963,HepburnstarredinCharade,herfirstandonlyfilmwithCaryGrant,whohadpreviouslywithdrawnfromthestarringrolesinRomanHolidayandSabrina.HewassensitiveastotheiragedifferenceandrequestedascriptchangesothatHepburn'scharacterwouldbetheonetoromanticallypursuehis.[citationneeded]

Hepburnfinallyreturnedtocinemain1979,takingtheleadingroleofElizabethRoffeintheinternationalproductionofBloodline,directedagainbyTerenceYoung,sharingtopbillingwithBenGazzara,JamesMasonandRomySchneider.AuthorSidneySheldonrevisedhisnovelwhenitwasreissuedtotieintothefilm,makinghercharacteramucholderwomantobettermatchtheactress'age.Thefilm,aninternationalintrigueamidthejet-set,wasacriticalandboxofficefailure.

Hepburn'slaststarringroleinacinematicfilmwaswithBenGazzarainthecomedyTheyAllLaughed,directedbyPeterBogdanovich.Thefilmwasovershadowedbythemurderofoneofitsstars,Bogdanovich'sgirlfriend,DorothyStratten;thefilmwasreleasedafterStratten'sdeathbutonlyinlimitedruns.In1987,sheco-starredwithRobertWagnerinatongue-in-cheekmade-for-televisioncaperfilm,LoveAmongThieveswhichborrowedelementsfromseveralofHepburn'sfilms,mostnotablyCharadeandHowtoStealaMillion.

Hepburn'slastrole,acameoappearance,wasasanangelinStevenSpielberg'sAlways,filmedin1988.Thisfilmwasonlymoderatelysuccessful.Inthefinalmonthsofherlife,Hepburncompletedtwoentertainment-relatedprojects:shehostedatelevisiondocumentaryseriesentitledGardensoftheWorldwithAudreyHepburn,whichdebutedonPBSthedayafterherdeath,andsherecordedaspokenwordalbum,AudreyHepburn'sEnchantedTalesfeaturingreadingsofclassicchildren'sstories,whichwouldwinheraposthumousGrammyAwardforBestSpokenWordAlbumforChildren.

[edit]WorkforUNICEF

SoonafterHepburn'sfinalfilmrole,shewasappointedagoodwillambassadortotheUnitedNationsChildren'sFund(UNICEF).GratefulforherowngoodfortuneafterenduringtheGermanoccupationasachild,shededicatedtheremainderofherlifetohelpingimpoverishedchildreninthepoorestnations.Hepburn'stravelsweremadeeasierbyherwideknowledgeoflanguages;shespokeFrench,Italian,English,Dutch,andSpanish.[citationneeded]

ThoughshehaddoneworkforUNICEFinthe1950s,startingin1954withradiopresentations,thiswasamuchhigherlevelofdedication.Thoseclosetoher[who?]saythatthethoughtsofdying,helplesschildrenconsumedherfortherestofherlife.HerfirstfieldmissionwastoEthiopiain1988.ShevisitedanorphanageinMek'elethathoused500starvingchildrenandhadUNICEFsendfood.Ofthetrip,shesaid,"Ihaveabrokenheart.Ifeeldesperate.Ican'tstandtheideathattwomillionpeopleareinimminentdangerofstarvingtodeath,manyofthemchildren,[and][sic]notbecausethereisn'ttonsoffoodsittinginthenorthernportofShoa.Itcan'tbedistributed.Lastspring,RedCrossandUNICEFworkerswereorderedoutofthenorthernprovincesbecauseoftwosimultaneouscivilwars...Iwentintorebelcountryandsawmothersandtheirchildrenwhohadwalkedfortendays,eventhreeweeks,lookingforfood,settlingontothedesertfloorintomakeshiftcampswheretheymaydie.Horrible.Thatimageistoomuchforme.The'ThirdWorld'isatermIdon'tlikeverymuch,becausewe'realloneworld.Iwantpeopletoknowthatthelargestpartofhumanityissuffering."[56]

InAugust1988,HepburnwenttoTurkeyonanimmunizationcampaign.ShecalledTurkey"theloveliestexample"ofUNICEF'scapabilities.Ofthetrip,shesaid,"thearmygaveustheirtrucks,thefishmongersgavetheirwagonsforthevaccines,andoncethedatewasset,ittooktendaystovaccinatethewholecountry.Notbad."[citationneeded]

InOctober,HepburnwenttoSouthAmerica.InVenezuelaandEcuador,HepburntoldCongress,"Isawtinymountaincommunities,slums,andshantytownsreceivewatersystemsforthefirsttimebysomemiracle–andthemiracleisUNICEF.IwatchedboysbuildtheirownschoolhousewithbricksandcementprovidedbyUNICEF."

HepburntouredCentralAmericainFebruary1989,andmetwithleadersinHonduras,ElSalvador,andGuatemala.InApril,HepburnvisitedSudanwithWoldersaspartofamissioncalled"OperationLifeline".Becauseofcivilwar,foodfromaidagencieshadbeencutoff.ThemissionwastoferryfoodtosouthernSudan.Hepburnsaid,"Isawbutoneglaringtruth:Thesearenotnaturaldisastersbutman-madetragediesforwhichthereisonlyoneman-madesolution–peace."[citationneeded]

InOctober,HepburnandWolderswenttoBangladesh.JohnIsaac,aUNphotographer,said,"Oftenthekidswouldhavefliesalloverthem,butshewouldjustgohugthem.Ihadneverseenthat.Otherpeoplehadacertainamountofhesitation,butshewouldjustgrabthem.Childrenwouldjustcomeuptoholdherhand,touchher–shewaslikethePiedPiper."

InOctober1990,HepburnwenttoVietnaminanefforttocollaboratewiththegovernmentfornationalUNICEF-supportedimmunizationandcleanwaterprograms.

InSeptember1992,fourmonthsbeforeshedied,HepburnwenttoSomalia.Hepburncalledit"apocalyptic"andsaid,"Iwalkedintoanightmare.IhaveseenfamineinEthiopiaandBangladesh,butIhaveseennothinglikethis–somuchworsethanIcouldpossiblyhaveimagined.Iwasn'tpreparedforthis.""Theearthisred–anextraordinarysight–thatdeepterra-cottared.Andyouseethevillages,displacementcampsandcompounds,andtheearthisallrippledaroundthemlikeanoceanbed.Andthosewerethegraves.Therearegraveseverywhere.Alongtheroad,aroundthepathsthatyoutake,alongtheriverbeds,neareverycamp–therearegraveseverywhere."[citationneeded]

Thoughscarredbywhatshehadseen,Hepburnstillhadhope."Takingcareofchildrenhasnothingtodowithpolitics.Ithinkperhapswithtime,insteadoftherebeingapoliticizationofhumanitarianaid,therewillbeahumanizationofpolitics.""Anyonewhodoesn'tbelieveinmiraclesisnotarealist.IhaveseenthemiracleofwaterwhichUNICEFhashelpedtomakeareality.Whereforcenturiesyounggirlsandwomenhadtowalkformilestogetwater,nowtheyhavecleandrinkingwaterneartheirhomes.Waterislife,andcleanwaternowmeanshealthforthechildrenofthisvillage.""Peopleintheseplacesdon'tknowAudreyHepburn,buttheyrecognizethenameUNICEF.WhentheyseeUNICEFtheirfaceslightup,becausetheyknowthatsomethingishappening.IntheSudan,forexample,theycallawaterpumpUNICEF."

In1992,PresidentGeorgeH.W.BushpresentedherwiththePresidentialMedalofFreedominrecognitionofherworkwithUNICEF,andtheAcademyofMotionPictureArtsandSciencesawardedherTheJeanHersholtHumanitarianAwardforhercontributiontohumanity.Thiswasawardedposthumously,withhersonacceptingonherbehalf.

Mini-BiographyforAudreyHepburn

AudreyHepburnwasbornonMay4,1929inBrussels,Belgium,withthegivennameofEddaKathleenvanHeemstraHepburn-Ruston.Shereallywasblue-bloodfromthebeginningwithherfather,awealthyEnglishbanker,andhermother,aDutchbaroness.Afterherparentsdivorced,AudreywenttoLondonwithhermotherwhereshewenttoaprivategirlsschool.Later,whenhermothermovedbacktotheNetherlands,sheattendedprivateschoolsaswell.WhilevacationingwithhermotherinArnhem,Holland,Hitler'sarmysuddenlytookoverthetown.ItwasherethatshefellonhardtimesduringtheNazioccupation.Audreysufferedfromdepressionandmalnutrition.Aftertheliberation,AudreywenttoaballetschoolinLondononascholarshipandlaterbeganamodelingcareer.Asamodel,shewasgracefuland,itseemed,shehadfoundhernicheinlife--untilthefilmproducerscamecalling.Afterbeingspottedmodelingbyaproducer,shewassignedtoabitpartintheEuropeanfilmNederlandsin7lessen(1948)in1948.Later,shehadaspeakingroleinthe1951film,YoungWives'Tale(1951)asEveLester.Thepartstillwasn'tmuch,sosheheadedtoAmericatotryherluckthere.

AudreygainedimmediateprominenceintheUSwithherroleinRomanHoliday(1953)in1953.ThisfilmturnedouttobeasmashingsuccessasshewonanOscarasBestActress.Thisgainedherenormouspopularityandmoreplumroles.Oneofthereasonsforherpopularitywasthefactthatshewassoelflikeandhadclass,unlikethe***-goddessesofthetime.RomanHolidaywasfollowedbyanothersimilarlywonderfulperformanceinthe1957classicFunnyFace(1957).Sabrina(1954),in1954,forwhichshereceivedanotherAcademynomination,andLoveintheAfternoon(1957),in1957,alsogarneredravereviews.In1959,shereceivedyetanothernominationforherrolein_Nun'sStory(1959).AudreyreachedthepinnacleofhercareerwhensheplayedHollyGolightlyinthedelightfulfilm,BreakfastatTiffany's(1961)in1961.Forthisshereceivedanothernomination.OneofAudrey'smostradiantroleswasinthefineproductionofMyFairLady(1964),in1964.Herco-starRexHarrisononcewasaskedtoidentifyhisfavoriteleadinglady.Withouthesitation,hereplied,"AudreyHepburninMYFAIRLADY".Afteracoupleofothermovies,shehitpaydirtandanothernominationin1967'sWaitUntilDark(1967).

Bytheendofthesixties,afterherdivorcefromactorMelFerrer,Audreydecidedtoretirewhileshewasontop.LatershemarriedDr.AndreaDotti.Fromtimetotime,shewouldappearonthesilverscreen.OnefilmofnotewasRobinandMarian(1976)withSeanConneryin1976.In1988,AudreybecameaspecialambassadortotheUnitedNationsUNICEFfundhelpingchildreninLatinAmericaandAfrica,apositionsheretaineduntil1993.ShewasnamedtoPeople'smagazineasoneofthe50mostbeautifulpeopleintheworld.HerlastfilmwasAlways(1989)in1989.AudreyHepburndiedonJanuary20,1993inTolochnaz,Switzerland,fromcoloncancer.Shehadmadeatotalof31highqualitymovies.HereleganceandstylewillalwaysberememberedinfilmhistoryasevidencedbyherbeingnamedtoEmpiremagazine's"TheTop100MovieStarsofAllTime".

奥黛丽赫本外貌的英文简介

Name:AudreyHepburn

Born:1929

Sheissynonymouswithelegance.

Sheisawomanwithanexquisitecombinationoftheangels.

Sheisaholyandbeautifulscale.

Weareattractedtobothmenandwomenforher.

Sheisanangelintheworld.

SheisAudreyHepburn!

SheplayedlovinglypatheticPrincessAnnehasablackshorthair,looksbeautifulandrefined,slimslim,blondesexygirlinfashiontime.

奥黛丽赫本的辉煌一生英文概括(在100字以内)

AudreyHepburnwasbornonMay4,1929inBelgium.AfterWWII,shewenttoaballetschoolinLondonandbeganamodelingcareer.LatersheheadedtotheUSandgainedimmediateprominencewithherroleinRomanHolidayin1953.

AudreyreachedthepinnacleofhercareerwhensheplayedHollyGolightlyinthedelightfulfilmBreakfastatTiffany'sin1961.

In1988,AudreybecameaspecialambassadortotheUnitedNationsUNICEF.

Shehadmadeatotalof31highqualitymovies.Hereleganceandstylewillalwaysberememberedinfilmhistory.

根据IMDB奥黛丽赫本简历精简整理,97个单词。

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